Have you ever heard of an electric fence? It sounds like a dangerous thing, but let’s be honest – it’s not all that scary. Electric fences are actually very safe to use and can be used in almost any situation. For example, they’re great for keeping your livestock contained in certain areas or just adding another layer of protection to keep them from wandering off into the wilderness. One of the most common uses is for installing them around pastures so that cows don’t wander onto nearby roads or get into other trouble. This article will go over how one would install an electric fence in a pasture area!
For a properly functioning fixed fence choose durable materials that will benefit you for years. The correct installation of this festival fence is of crucial importance. That’s why we’ll be happy to explain step by step how a festival fence should best be installed.
- Draw a positioned sketch
- Determine the correct height of the current conductors
- Set up the corner piles
- Set up the intermediate posts
- Tension the wires of the fence
- Assemble the device and grounding
1. Draw a positioned sketch
Draw a general map of the pasture fence to be erected. This will help you to easily see which path the current will take through the fence. We recommend that you place the electric fence as centrally as possible. In addition, we recommend that you use to create several zones with the help of switches.
2. Determine the height of the wire
Wire height depends on the species of animal you are keeping.
3. Set up the corner posts
Determine the correct length of the corner posts based on the fence height. For a fence of up to 1-meter construction height, corner posts of 2.00 m length are sufficient. For fences with an overall height of up to 1.50 m, recommends corner posts of at least 2.50 m in length. For fences with a construction height above 1.50 m, recommends corner posts of 3.00 m to 3.50 m in length.
Drill a hole with a soil auger or fence post drivers
Make sure that the corner post is placed at an angle of 5 degrees against the direction of pull.
Depending on the distance between the corner piles, we recommend using a support beam in the ground. This should be used if the distance between the corner piles exceeds 100 m.
4. Set up the intermediate piles
The corner piles are in place (step 3) and you now want to set up the intermediate piles. To determine the correct position of the intermediate piles, first secure the conductors from the corner pile to the corner pile and then tension them. Then the intermediate stakes can be placed along the line of the tensioned current conductors. This way you will get a perfect line. Tensioning the current conductors is done with a special tensioner.
Measure the distance between the corners and place the intermediate stakes at regular intervals.
The intermediate stakes are placed at intervals of 7 to 40 meters each. The exact distance depends on the material used, the type of fence and the condition of the ground.
The following rules apply:
- High-strength and steel wire: distance between poles 10-40 m.
- Equipment: distance between poles 9 m.
- Broadband access: distance between poles 7-9 m
- Rope / cord: distance between poles 8-10 m.
5. Tension the wires of the fence
Tension the power conductors with the appropriate tensioners. Proper tension is important so that animals will be electrocuted immediately if they come in contact with the fence.
Mount the wires to the intermediate posts and connect the wires to each other using wire clamps.
Note: Each connection means a loss of current. The better the connection, the less current is lost.
6. Mount the electric fence unit and the grounding.
Mount the electric fence unit according to the instructions for use. We recommend that you install the device in as central a position on the fence as possible. Then mount the grounding with ground rods of 1 m or 2 m, depending on the electric fence device. Because good grounding is crucial for the proper functioning of your electric fence, be sure to follow this recommendation.
Drill a hole with an earth auger and insert the 1 m or 2 m earth rod. If more than one ground rod is needed, please insert the next one at a 3 m distance from the first one, and so on. The ground rod is equipped with a grounding clamp or must be equipped with it.
Use double insulated ground wire to create a connection between the electric fence unit and the first ground rod. Attach one end of the double insulated cable to the ground rod and the other end to the green connection point on the device. Depending on the distance and type of device, you will need a 1.6 mm or 2.5 mm double insulated cable.
Check that the ground rod including cable is at least 10 cm below the ground surface.
Do you have more than 1 earth rod? Then connect the first earth rod to the second earth rod via a double insulated earth cable, the second to the third, and so on.
If the soil is sandy or dry, it is recommended to use the special Betonite soil mix in the hole for the earth rod. Fill the hole up to the grounding clamp.
Fill the upper part of the hole with the remaining soil and water the hole until the soil is flat again.
Repeat this process for all the ground sticks.
How many soil sticks you need depends on the type of unit.
Please note: If you need more than one soil rod, it must be placed at least three meters apart.