fantasyfarm
Make a Pond

How to Make a Pond for Fishing

Yard water pit into a 3000 square foot all characteristic lake.

Presently in a lake you need to attempt to keep the water level as consistent as could be expected under the circumstances.

The water level in this pit was fluctuating by around 2 to 3 feet relying upon the climate.

Water would top it off, particularly throughout the winter months and during a sweltering summer there wasn’t a lot of water left in there.

This circumstance was truly unattractive particularly since the principle view in this back yard is directly on the water pit.

So as to limit the water level variance, I began by interfacing the pit to the nearest downpour water discard.

For that I utilized around 250 feet of pvc seepage funneling, 6 crawls in width.

The lines were introduced on an incline that way the water from the jettison would stream into the pit.

I picked just a little incline for the funneling so that if the lake is topped off, water can stream in reverse into the discard not flooding the lake.

Notwithstanding that, I associated the downpour canals of the house to the line to utilize existing water as productive as could reasonably be expected.

After these fundamental works I began removing all the grass, hedges and little trees around 15 feet around the edges of the pit.

Presently I could begin re-demonstrating the new lake edges.

Since no lake liner is utilized and all water in the lake will be downpour or ground water there will even now be little water level variances.

That is the reason I removed the slanting landscape and made a more extreme edge.

With this moderately steep edge regardless of whether the water level changes the water surface will remain about the equivalent.

With this 2 ton excavator it took me one day to complete the lake edges.

The lake has a profundity of around 6 feet.

An all common non liner lake just takes a shot at locales with fine soil like earth or topsoil which has a low co-productivity of porousness or it likewise works on the off chance that you have a high ground water level.

Common wells or streams around a lawn make an ideal gracefully for regular lakes.

Presently it’s an ideal opportunity to level the dirt around the lake and plant the main water plants.

On the off chance that you would prefer not to burn through cash on water plants you can go to neighborhood lakes or streams to get local plants you like.

In the event that you do so don’t decimate characteristic untamed life natural surroundings.

Take just little plant branches, they will spread in their new living space.

In the event that you need to place fish in your common lake that is alright however hold up until plants have developed and don’t place too many fish in.

The most significant interesting point when loading and restocking your lake is the harmony among hunter and prey.

In the event that you get such a large number of hunters, the prey may increase a lot of bringing about an abundance of littler fish.

In the event that you get too many prey fish, the hunters won’t have enough to eat and you’ll have an abundance of littler fish.

To evade this, don’t fish from your lake in its first year of utilization.

After your lake has had the opportunity to develop, attempt to get equivalent loads of hunter and prey fish.

You will also need raising worms for fishing.

In case you’re getting such a large number of one sort of fish, your lake may drop out of parity.

Include An Aeration System: Aeration helps keep your lake clean, improves water quality, supports oxygen levels, and flows the water to evade temperature variety that could hurt the soundness of your lake and the wellbeing of your fish.

Since it’s a characteristic lake I didn’t include any siphons and channels and I put in around 10 fish.

On the off chance that you feed the fish remember that all supplements put into the water should be explained by the lake itself.

In the event that you include such a large number of supplements, green growth will develop and the fish may endure.

I chose to include a couple of Stones and one greater tree stump from the forested areas with greenery on it.

This utilization of provincial materials assists with making an all characteristic character of the lake and improves its appearance.

It assists with including just a couple of eye catchers, in any case your eye doesn’t have the foggiest idea where to look and it doesn’t have the impact of making a symphonious climate.

With this lake we take a gander at a low support level.

Each fall I cut the grass and plants around the edges and that is about it.

I trust this video was useful and supportive for you.

GARDEN TRACTOR

What Tractor To Buy For a Garden?

Taking care of the site takes too much time, which can be spent on vacation with the family in nature, a picnic or other pleasant activities. Your own tractor will help you automate your gardening work and save you a lot of time. While choosing also take into account the dimensions and power characteristics of the tractor.

Where To Start Selecting a Tractor?

For garden work, there are many, both universal and specialized models. Any average mini-tractor can be attached equipment, turning it into a functional and reliable assistant.

The main types of hinge that will be used in the garden:

  • Rotary mowing;
  • Chain mower;
  • Buckets.

The owner of a mini tractor can equip it with one of two types of mowers: rotary or chain.

The first type has a simple mechanism and consists of rotary mechanisms. It is an effective tool for clearing thickets and weeds from the garden. Right, it is recommended to use it on a flat surface so as not to damage the rotors.

The chain type is significantly different from the rotary one. It works on the scissor principle and usually consists of two cutting parts. One of their parts is tightly fixed in one position, and the second moves in different directions, effectively mowing the grass.

Special Garden Tractors

There are also specialized garden models. They are machines with pre-installed, powerful mowers, adjustable height and large collectors. The mechanism of disposal of cut grass can be configured not only for collection, but also for discharge.

Garden mini tractors have an advantage over lawn mowers of different capacities, because they allow you to work on large areas. The dimensions of the tractor will protect the lawn and trees from damage.

Garden equipment will be appreciated by utilities, owners of country houses and large private lands.

tomatoes

Features of Harvesting Tomatoes

Tomatoes need to be collected regularly, every 3-5 days. Thus, the fruits will not overripe and there will be the possibility of rapid ripening of fruits that still remain on the bush. The main features of picking tomatoes include:

  1. It must be remembered that even green tomatoes need to be harvested before the period when the average daily temperature drops to around 11 degrees Celsius. Since, if you pick green tomatoes at lower temperatures, they will ripen poorly and slowly. Fruits that were picked at a temperature of 3-5 degrees Celsius may begin to rot in a few days.
  2. The most acceptable option is to pluck all the fruits when they have reached the size of the variety. When tomatoes are still only brown in color, they can ripen qualitatively in rooms with good ventilation and an air temperature of 20-25 degrees Celsius with a relative humidity of 85%. For quick ripening, tomatoes can be hayed and stored with ripened fruits.
  3. This is because ethylene will be released, which will contribute to a more rapid ripening of the fruit. To prevent the tomatoes from being chased, they can be wrapped in newspapers. Also, for rapid ripening, tomatoes need to be heated. To do this, they need to be immersed in warm water (60 degrees). In order for the tomatoes to have a bright color, they need to be kept in the light.
  4. If you need tomatoes to ripen faster, then you need to increase the room temperature to 30 degrees Celsius. Also, rapid maturation contributes to an increase in the amount of ethylene in the room. It should be remembered that tomatoes are wrinkled at high temperatures and quickly affect fungal diseases.
  5. In most late tomato varieties, the fruits do not have time to ripen before the cold nights, so they need to be picked in a completely green form. Such tomatoes, even when ripe, will have a sour taste.

Tomatoes belong to those vegetables that require regular clipping of ripened fruits. If this is not done, then ripe fruits can begin to rot and infect still green tomatoes. This is due to the fact that tomatoes quickly ripen and are quickly affected by various fungal diseases, especially in wet weather. Therefore, you need to regularly pick tomatoes. In this case, you need to rip off fully matured and partially mature. You also need to pluck tomatoes that have begun to rot or become infected with late blight. This is done in order to stop the infection of other fruits.

Goat

How to Trim Goat Hooves

As a rule, you need to trim the hooves in the spring, after the stall period. During the summer, they grind on their own. Before trimming the hooves, the goat needs to be fixed. From this point of view, it can hardly be attributed to this procedure. First you need to clean the surface of dirt. We have a hook.

One that is commonly used in horse hoof trimming. You can carry out this procedure with ordinary scissors. I do not recommend the knife, as you can harm both the goat and yourself. It is better to soak a very hard hoof. You can use a bucket or pan with a warm solution of copper sulfate. You don’t need to pour a lot, just so that the hoof is wet.

Then easy to clean and cut. After the hoof is relatively clean, you can proceed to the pruning procedure. To do this, it is best to use a special hoofed knife. When pruning, a part of the hoof wall is cut. It is necessary to cut slowly, in layers, so as not to injure the animal. Better to start from the heel to the toe. The hoof can be rotten, all this must be cut.

You need to trim the hooves to a pinkish surface, then you can’t do further – there are already blood vessels. As a result, you should get a smooth and even sole, a soft center along with a solid part. After the whole procedure, the hooves can be washed with warm water and soap.

lawn

6 Basic Rules for Lawn Care

A beautiful well-groomed lawn resembling a dense green carpet, without any harmful and sloppy bushes, is not a gift from nature and not a consequence of some overseas marvelous seeds or miraculous chemical preparations.

In order to form a beautiful grass cover of your lawn, you need it:

  • to cut (regularly);
  • water (required);
  • weed (occasionally);
  • feed (2-3 times a season);
  • mulch (in the fall);
  • puncture (when compaction of the soil);
  • undersow (if necessary).

This is just the result of a number of works that are combined in one capacious concept – lawn care. Do not be alarmed, you should not devote all your free time to the lawn, daily and hourly caring only about its beauty. There are few such works, but the main thing is that they must be completed in a timely manner and without errors.

Mowing is the most important element in lawn care

Do not miss the right time for the first mowing of the lawn after planting the grass – in fact, it is very important. To determine if it is necessary, simply measure the grass. If you have grown to 10 cm – it’s time to cut. As a rule, the first haircut occurs in mid-May. If thunderstorms and rains are expected in May, try to have time to mow the lawn before these seasonal cataclysms, otherwise the grass will fall from heavy rain, and you will not be able to mow it normally.

For mowing grass on a lawn, the most common technical tool is a gasoline mower or electric. The choice of drive depends on the size of your site. If the lawn is small, not far from home, feel free to buy a light and inexpensive electric lawn mower.

Regardless of the type of engine, check the cutting system – it must be sharp so that part of the grass is not pulled out with the root. It is best to mow dry grass, because wet grass will clog the lawn mower. But the soil itself should not be solid and dried, it is better – a little wet. On wet soil, the wheels of the lawn mower are loaded and it “smashes” the lawn, leaving bald spots.

At the first haircut, set the largest cutting height, and with subsequent haircuts, focus on the 4-5 cm indicator. This is exactly what the grass height should be on an ideal lawn.

The mowing direction at the first mowing can be any, but remember: if the first time you cut in a direction from north to south, then next time cut perpendicularly – from east to west.

Before each mowing, clean the lawn of debris – stones, sticks, solid objects. If such objects fall under the knives of a lawn mower, it will completely jam the motor. If it is well protected from overloads, it just stops, otherwise it will burn out.

If the lawnmower is without a grass catcher, it is best to remove the grass after the first mowing. In subsequent haircuts – it can be left on the hay, while lawn mowers with side ejection are convenient. Left grass also protects the lawn from drying out in too hot summers. For the first lawn mowing, a lawn mower with a grass catcher is better, and even better – with a mulching function. Mulch will always come in handy as an organic fertilizer.

Subsequent haircuts depend on the intensity of grass growth and on the weather. In moderate sunshine and regular rains, this should be done approximately every two weeks. When drought, do not cut too short – the roots will dry.

If you do not have time to cut the grass in time, do not be discouraged. A high-quality lawn mower, with the possibility of setting a cut in five positions, cuts grass well above 20 cm, you only need to go through one place several times, each time cutting off the ends of the grass by several centimeters.

In hard-to-reach places, near curbs, under benches, between flower beds – you can use a convenient electric trimmer.

If there are a lot of bumps, bumps on the site – they need to be cut as short as possible and add mulch to level the area.

Do the last seasonal haircut in the fall, before frosts. If autumn is cold – in September, if warm – in October. In no case do not cut the grass in a cold and frosty wind – the tips of the grass will frostbite and next year it will grow poorly. How often to water

How often to water

Water when the grass loses elasticity, becomes lethargic. If you miss this important point, the grass will turn gray and lose its bright green color. Later, it will begin to turn yellow due to lack of moisture and dry. Watering should be done so that the soil is well saturated with water, but becomes excessively wet. It is convenient to water a large lawn with an electric garden pump or a water pump for irrigation. It is best to water the lawn in the morning or in the evening, since in the afternoon the sun will immediately dry the soil and get a dense crust.

The frequency of watering depends not only on the weather, but also on the type and structure of the soil. Sandy soils dry faster – they need to be watered more often, clay soils less often. But in any case, wait for the soil to dry out slightly between irrigations, otherwise the roots of the plants will be flooded all the time and not receive oxygen from the air.

Weed removal (weeding)

Weeds will become a rare occurrence on your lawn if you weed it well from the very beginning. Weeding is necessary carefully – tearing out the weed with roots. If the roots of the weed grass lie very deeply, whether the leaves have grown a large rosette, then you can use a special chemical preparation to remove weeds. This drug is called a herbicide, you need to choose it very carefully – just one that will destroy weeds, but will not damage the lawn grass.

Top Dressing the Lawn

Sunlight and heat, oxygen from the air and water – these are the main nutrition of lawn grass. But most often these elements are not enough to make the lawn look fresh and appetizing. The grass, which is regularly mowed, is not able to eat only natural offerings of nature – it needs a systematic feeding.

Fertilizing is done with fertilizers, three times during the season, and it is best to apply it with a fertilizer spreader. It is very easy to remember: in spring, summer and autumn. In the early spring, only nitrogen fertilizers are needed, but in the middle of summer – apply a complex top dressing containing nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. The latest top dressing is done in the fall, when the lawn is preparing for winter. At this time, such minerals as phosphorus and potassium are relevant. How much fertilizer to apply is always indicated on its packaging.

So that the fertilizer is well absorbed by the grass, remember the main rule – do not apply fertilizer after rain or during rain. Calculate so that the grass is dry and the soil is slightly moist, and then it rains. If it will not be – water the lawn yourself.

Mulching, combing and puncturing

Mulching, combing and piercing are considered to be some kind of additional and optional work, but their importance for a beautiful lawn cover is difficult to exaggerate.

Mulch (loose crushed material) is scattered on the lawn once – in early autumn. For mulch, you can use shredded grass if you have a lawn mower with a mulching function or a garden shredder. In order to prepare a good mulch for the lawn, you need to add sand to the organic grass or leaf compost to make it crumbly. For sandy soil, too much sand is not needed.

Before mulching the lawn, it is advisable to comb and puncture it. Combing removes dry grass, unnecessary debris, branches, and piercing the soil helps fertilizers, as well as moisture and air to penetrate the roots of the plant. Combing is done with a rake, and piercing with a pitchfork. To optimize these work processes, it is better to buy a universal aerator-scarifier. It has two nozzles – a shaft for combing out mosses and old grass, as well as a shaft with knitting needles that cut through the soil well to the desired depth. Scarification (soil puncturing) can also be performed before fertilizing.

How to Avoid Holes On Your Lawn

Various troubles can occur with grass on the lawn: it may not overwinter, soak, dry. Often this grass loss does not occur on the entire lawn, but in separate areas. To level the lawn, it is necessary to produce seeding. You just need to loosen the soil from scratch, put the seeds in, sprinkle them with compost, and then easily tamp.

Worms

Vermicomposting or How to Make Composting Faster

Composting is one of the best ways to reduce the amount of garbage and create an organic soil supplement for the garden, and composting with worms allows you to speed up the production of vermicompost, and you can start at home

Composting with earthworms is also called vermiculture or vermicomposting, when at the exit you become the owner of a full-fledged organic fertilizer and soil conditioner for almost no cost and with minimal effort. It is enough to have a special worm composter on hand and regularly load food waste, for example, vegetable waste, and a newspaper there. Worms will process what you offer them, returning concentrated organic matter in return.
Yes, such vermicompost contains the waste products of worms, but you rely on different types of manure to bring nutrients to the soil?

Benefits

  1. Less waste. All types of composting reduce waste. You will be surprised how many items that you regularly throw away can be added to worm compost.
  2. Fast result. Standard composting processes take a lot of time. Depending on the climate and the specific composition of the compost, it may take up to a year to get healthy and safe organics.
    Vermicomposting is the fastest method, when with sufficient worms and proper feeding, compost can be ready for use in two to four weeks.
  3. Less odor. It is believed that composting with worms produces less specific aroma than conventional methods.
  4. All inclusive. Biohumus contains potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, the three most important nutrients for plant growth. It also contains trace minerals and minerals that are not always found in commercial fertilizers. Adding worm compost to the beds helps to regulate the pH of the soil. Vermicompost protects the soil by absorbing salt ions, and naturally stabilizes the pH so that the plants develop well and bear fruit.
  5. Suitable for city farmers and home crop production. Traditional compost is usually made in a heap or wooden crate at the site. Vermicompost due to the acceleration of the process can be produced in the apartment for feeding homemade tomatoes, herbs or flowers.

What do you need

Not all worms are equally good for vermicomposting. You need red wigglers (Eisenia fetida) or red worms (Lumbricus rubellus).

It is often difficult for a beginner to distinguish between types of worms, therefore it is easier to acquire worms for compost than to look for them in nature. If you do not have a local supplier, online sales are popular. About 200 grams of worms are needed to process 200 grams of food waste per day.

The first thing you need to have on hand after ordering the worms is a container, a plastic bin will do.

Interestingly, in the wake of the fashion for vermicultivation, the German company Blanco created a compost bucket made of stainless steel, designed to be built into the kitchen worktop. There is no need for a container taking up space at the sink, and the only thing visible is the metal lid.

If for a moment we digress from the topic of worms, it can be noted that the ecological fashion for home compost has made a lot of money.

So, in the American market, the $ 400 stainless steel NatureMill ultra-composter made its debut. The company introduced it as a new generation kitchen appliance in which electric heating is used to accelerate the decomposition of waste. The waste is mixed automatically. And unlike traditional composters, NatureMill processes dairy products and meat.

But back to vermicomposting.

The container should be large enough to accommodate as much food waste as your family forms. Make sure that the selected container has drainage holes at the bottom and holes for air ventilation from the top and side. Drill 8-12 holes at the bottom of the drainage container and 7-10 holes on each side.

Worms prefer darkness. That is, the bucket should be dark in color with a lid.

The container must be clean. Rinse it to get rid of residues that could harm the worms. If you use a wooden box, line the bottom and sides with plastic, for example, place an old shower curtain or a clean trash bag inside.

Newspapers are the most commonly used material for worm composting. Cut the newspaper into 3 cm strips and try not to use color printing, because it can be toxic and harmful to worms. If using cardboard, tear it into small pieces.

Dampen the paper to the consistency of a wet sponge, place in a container and add a few strips of dry material to make sure the moisture level is correct. After that, fill the container with enough paper until the capacity is 3/4 full. Then add 2-4 cups of soil.

Tamping is not necessary. Worms thrive in a well-ventilated area.

Now carefully place the worms on the litter and close the bucket. Store in a cool, dark place, but as far away as possible from washing machines, dishwashers, and dryers, because the worms are sensitive to vibration. The best place in the apartment would be kitchen cabinets, toilets and basements.

What to feed. You can use any crushed vegetable waste, eggshells, bread, pasta, paper.

Not suitable: salted foods, spicy foods, oils, foods with preservatives, meat and dairy products.

After a month, take out gently shake the contents of the bucket on a sunny day on a spread newspaper. After a couple of hours, the worms will move to the very bottom, leaving you with a pyramid of ready-made compost.

Do you know that in the world the practice of vermicomposting is used not only by home growers and gardeners?

Charlotte Douglas North Carolina International Airport has ordered about 2 million red wigglers to “recycle” their organic waste (kitchen waste and discarded products from both the terminal and arriving aircraft). Result? The company reduced waste collection to a local landfill by 70%. Another example is California Soils, which attracts worms to recycle old cardboard, down to glue (it turns out that glue is a source of nitrogen).

Chicken

How to Clean a Chicken Coop – When, Why and How Often

What benefits do you get for chicken coops and laying hens? What you need to know about this?

I will not list which bedding to use, many articles have already been written about this on my channel.

Go straight to the point!

CHICKEN BED AND ITS BENEFITS

The litter receives all bowel movements from laying hens and other technical waste. Thanks to the chemical processes of litter and the substrate of the litter, when heated, it gives off the heat that heats the room.

The rotten litter with litter partially becomes a working material for self-cleaning and even a therapeutic substrate for poultry. If the birds are few, then the heat transfer effect will be minimal, since the litter needs constant fresh litter.

UPDATE BEDS AND WHEN TO CLEAN IT

It is refreshed fresh as it is contaminated, not leading to a black state and, all the more, to a strong smell with ammonia, an excessively wet litter is a signal for the development of various diseases in birds.

They clean the litter in the spring, after warm weather is established on the street, when the chickens go out onto the street daily and immediately pour a new one, if the litter is not badly dirtied during the summer, then you can not clean it in the fall, but only update it fresh until spring.

DISPOSAL OF WASTE LITTER

litter with litter is an invaluable fertilizer, but to become one, you need to store it in silo containers, boxes or pits.
between the layers (usually a layer of litter 10-20-30 cm) it is advisable to sprinkle with earth, at least 10 cm, and spill the litter with water from a watering can.

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén